Reports

The price is rights: The violation of the right to an adequate standard of living in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea


UNThis report examines a cycle of human rights violations in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) that stem from the State’s failure to uphold the right to an adequate standard of living for all its citizens.

It is based on 214 individual interviews conducted in 2017 and 2018 by the UN Human Rights Office with North Koreans, primarily from the country’s northeastern provinces, together with consideration of relevant open source materials.

Through the inclusion of witness accounts, the report goes on to highlight how the threat of prosecution provides State officials with a powerful means to extort money and other favours from a population seeking subsistence in the informal sector.

Full report in English...

Full report in Korean...

Drug-related Offences, Criminal Justice Responses and the Use of the Death Penalty in South-East Asia


UNThe present report is based on a desk review of United Nations and open-source material on the death penalty, including studies from the UN Human Rights Office and UN resolutions and human rights mechanisms. It builds on material from the 2018 Bangkok seminar.

This report also presents recent global trends in death penalty and drug-control matters, a summary of the applicable international human rights norms and standards, and recent developments in legislation and criminal justice responses related to the death penalty and drug control in South-East Asia.

Most of the world’s countries or territories have either abolished the death penalty or no longer use it. More than half of those that retain the death penalty, of which many are in South-East Asia, do so for drug-related offences.

Full report...

The Invisible Boundary - Criminal prosecutions of journalism in Myanmar


UNThe report examines the freedom of the press in Myanmar and the impact that high profile prosecutions of journalists have had in creating a culture of self-censorship among journalists during the country’s transition to democracy.

Through an analysis of five individual cases, the report examines the use of a range of legal provisions to target independent journalism, including vague and overbroad laws that are inconsistent with the right to freedom of expression and are applied in a manner that falls short of the relevant standards set out in international human rights law. The report examines the instrumentalization of the law and of the courts by the Government and military in what constitutes a political campaign against independent journalism. The report also demonstrates the failure of the judiciary to uphold the fair trial rights of those targeted.

Full report...